注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

学海无涯的博客

人生的奔跑,不在于瞬间的爆发,而取决于途中的坚持! QQ:1182926150

 
 
 

日志

 
 

高三英语第三轮复习:形容词、副词小结  

2013-04-25 15:33:45|  分类: 英语专题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

高三英语第三轮复习:定语从句和名词性从句小结 - 学海无涯 - 学海无涯的博客

(点击购买全套高三备考复习资料)  

 

考点一、形容词、副词比较等级

1.表示倍数的三种句型

(1) ...times as+原级+as...

Peter's jacket looked just the same as Jack'sbut it cost twice as much as his.(2009年高考辽宁卷)

彼得的夹克衫看起来与杰克的一样,但却是他价钱的两倍。

(2) ...times the size/length/width/heightetc.of...

This table is three times the length of that one.

这张桌子是那张的三倍长。

(3) ...times+比较级+than...

This table is three times bigger than  that one.

这张桌子比那张大三倍。

2.同等程度的比较

as...asthe same...as...such...as引导。

He is a worker as good as Peter.(He is as good a worker as Peter.)

他和彼得一样是个好工人。

Linda is the same height as Jenny.

琳达和詹妮一样高。

Henry is such a good student as Peter.

亨利和彼得一样是个好学生。

3.与比较级有关的结构及运用比较级的注意事项

(1)the+比较级……,the+比较级……”意为“越……就越……”。

The more careful you arethe fewer mistakes you'll make.

你越仔细,你出的错就越少。

(2)the+比较级+of the two+名词”表示“两者中较……的那个”。

Of the two coatsI'd choose the cheaper one to spare some money for a book.

两件外衣我选择较便宜的一件,为了匀出钱来买书。

(3)否定+比较级=最高级

He has never spent a more worrying day.

他过了最担心的一天。

—Do you think the weather is good enough for an outing?

——你认为这天气足够好以便出去郊游吗?

—Yesyou couldn't hope for a nicer day at this time of the month.

——是的,没有比这一天更好的。

(4)比较级的修饰语:muchevenfarratherstillanynoa bita littletwo metresa great deala lotby far等。

Are you feeling any better now?你现在感觉好点了吗?

How much better she looked without her glasses(2009年高考全国卷Ⅰ)

她不戴眼镜看起来好得多。

 

考点二、形容词、副词特殊用法

1.有些副词还可以作连词,作副词时常放在句末。如:though(ever)sincein case等。

You probably won't need to call—but take my numberjust in case.

你很可能无需打电话,不过还是记下我的电话号码吧,以防万一。

2.副词修饰形容词或其他副词时,一般位于被修饰词的前面,但enough要放在被修饰词的后面。

—Have you got accustomed to your new job?

——你适应新工作了吗?

—Wellyes.It's not as good as I expectedthough.

——是的,但是没有我预料中的好。

We only had $100 and that was nowhere near enough to buy a new computer.(2010年高考辽宁卷)

我们只有100 美元,离买台新电脑的钱还差得远呢。

Although she did not know Boston wellshe made her way easily enough to the post office.

虽然她对波士顿不熟,但她仍然很轻松地到了邮局。

3can not/neverenoughtoo连用表示“无论怎样都不过分;越……越好”。

—I was riding alone in the street and all of a suddena car cut in and knocked me down.

——我正独自在街上骑车,突然一个汽车开过来把我撞倒了。

—You can never be too careful in the street.

——在街上越小心越好。

4.多个形容词作定语时的顺序:

限定描绘大长高,形状年龄和新老。

颜色国籍出材料,作用类别往后靠。

诠释:限定词(冠词、物主代词、指示代词、不定代词)+数词(序数词、基数词)+描绘性形容词(nicegoodinterestingbeautiful...)+特征形容词(大小、长短、高低+形状+年龄、新旧)+颜色+国籍、出处+物质材料+用途、类别+中心名词。

The little wooden house looks as if it hasn't been lived in for years.

这个木制小房子看上去好像多年没人住过了。

 

语法训练

1(2011年高考江西卷)—The film isI have to saynot a bit interesting.

—Why? It's________than the films I have ever seen.

Afar more interesting      Bmuch less interesting

Cno more interesting          Dany less interesting

解析:句意:我不得不说,这部电影一点儿也没意思。”“为什么?它比我曾看过的电影有趣多了。根据Why?可知第二句应与第一句持相反观点,即认为电影有趣。而选项中只有A项表示有趣。far 用在比较级前表示程度较大的差异。

答案:A

2(2010年高考福建卷)—Volunteering is becoming ________ popular in China.

—Yeahpeople are now aware that helping others is helping themselves.

Anaturally    Bsuccessfully

Csplendidly   Dincreasingly

解析:句意:志愿服务在中国正变得日益流行起来。”“是的,人们现在意识到帮助别人就是在帮助他们自己。A自然地B成功地C极好地D日益,渐增地。只有D项符合句意。

答案:D

3(2010年高考浙江卷)I have been convinced that the print media are usually more ________ and more reliable than television.

Aaccurate   Bridiculous

Curgent    Dshallow

解析:句意:我确信印刷的媒体材料比电视更精确、更加可靠。accurate精确的;ridiculous可笑的,荒谬的;urgent紧急的,急迫的;shallow浅的,肤浅的。由句意可知,A项符合语境。

答案:A

4(2010年高考湖北卷)Mistakes don't just happen; they occur for a reason. Find out the reason, and then making the mistake becomes ________.

Afavourable  Bprecious

Cessential    Dworthwhile

解析:句意:错误并非(无缘无故地)发生;它们的发生是有原因的。找出原因,那么犯错误就是值得的。favourable有利的;赞成的;precious宝贵的;珍贵的;essential必要的;基本的;本质的;worthwhile值得做的;值得花时间的。由句意可知,worthwhile符合语境。

答案:D

5(2010年高考课标全国卷)I have seldom seen my mother ________ pleased with my progress as she is now.

Aso   Bvery

Ctoo  Drather

解析:句意:我很少看到妈妈像现在这样为我的进步感到如此高兴。not so...as...不如……这么……,不像……那样……”,为固定句式;seldom意为很少,为否定副词。故答案选A

答案:A

6(2012年济宁模拟)If you are looking for a fully furnished room to rentI think there's a(n) ________apartment in my building.

Aempty  Bbare

Cfree    Dvacant

解析:句意:如果你想租住家电齐全的房子,我那栋楼有间房子没人住。empty表示里面没有任何东西,空空如也;bare赤裸的,无遮蔽的;vacant 未被占用的。

答案:D

7(2012年黄冈质检)You can't go out because it is a stormy night________your homework hasn't been done.

Amoreover    Bhowever

Cnevertheless  Dtherefore

解析:句意:你不能出去,因为这是一个风雨交加的夜晚;而且,你还没写完作业。moreover此外;however然而;nevertheless然而;therefore因此。

答案:A

8(2012年东营质检)Punctuality is ________a virtue to us.It is a rule of life and our respect for our friends and visitors.

Abetter than    Bmore than

Cno more than  Dno better than

解析:句意:守时不仅仅是一种美德。它是生活的原则以及我们对朋友或来宾的尊重。more than不仅仅,多于;better than好于……no more than……一样不,仅仅;no better than……一样不好。

答案:B

9(2012年沈阳质检)The little girl couldn't work the problem out.She wasn't ________clever.

Athat     Bmuch

Cenough  Drather

解析:句意:那个小女孩解不出这道题,她没那么聪明。that作副词时,相当于somuch常修饰形容词或副词的比较级以及动词;enough用在形容词或副词后;rather相当。

答案:A

10(2012年盐城模拟)—Who do you have in mind for the position?

—I think Peter is the most ________person for it.

Agenerous   Blikely

Coptimistic  Dvoluntary

解析:考查形容词辨析。句意:——你觉得谁适合那个职位?——我认为彼得最合适。likely合适的,恰当的,符合语意。generous慷慨的,大方的;optimistic乐观的;voluntary自愿的,义务的。

答案:B

11(2012年沈阳六校诊断)—Who would you like to be your assistantJack or David?

—If I had to chooseDavid would be ________choice.

Agood    Bthe better

Ca better  Dthe best

解析:考查形容词的比较级。根据语意,此处是特指两个人当中比较好的那一个,所以用the better

答案:B

12________the driver looked at the vast desert without knowing if he could get across safely.

ATiredly and sadly  BTired and sad

CTired and sadly    DTiredly and sad

解析:考查形容词作伴随状语。句意:又累又伤心,这个司机看着广阔的沙漠,不知道自己能否安全穿越。此处主语为the driver,此处用形容词作伴随状语来描述主语的状态。

答案:B

13Having been praised by the teacherthe little girl ran back home________.

Ahappily and satisfied  Beager and excitedly

Chappy and satisfied   Danxiously and excitedly

解析:句意:被老师表扬之后,这个小女孩非常满意、高兴地跑回家了。形容词作状语,说明主语的特征或者状态,故选C项。

答案:C

14(2012年济宁模拟)Johnwho is seventeen this yearusually eats ________his father does.No wonder he is growing taller.

Atwice more than as much as

Bmore than twice as much as

Ctwice as much as more than

Dtwice as more than much as

解析:考查英语中的倍数表达法。表示倍数时,可用倍数+as+形容词/副词的原级+as+比较对象。在倍数之前还可用more thanoverless than等修饰语。因此答案为B

答案:B

15(2012年福州模拟)When you  study the local mapyou'll find this town is ________.

Atwice the size of that one

Btwice as a large town as that

Ctwice as larger as that one

Dtwice as larger a town as that

解析:句意:当你研究当地的地图时,你会发现这座城镇是那个的两倍大。倍数的表达方式:A is+倍数+the+名词(size/length)of BB项中不定冠词位置错误;CD项中as 后应用形容词原级。

答案:A

 

 

 状语从句小结

 形容词、副词小结

 情态动词和虚拟语气小结

 特殊句式小结

 介词和代词小结

 冠词、名词小结

 非谓语动词小结

 动词时态和语态小结

 动词和动词短语小结

 定语从句和名词性从句小结

  评论这张
 
阅读(448)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017