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中考英语语法精讲及实战练习——状语从句  

2012-12-22 11:46:46|  分类: 英语专题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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状语从句是句子的状语由一个从句充当,来修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等。状语从句都由从属连词引导,与主句连接,放在句末时,一般不在前面加逗号。

状语从句根据它表示的意思可分为时间,原因,条件,比较,结果,目的等类。下面我们拣重点的一个一个来分析。

时间状语从句:是由when, as, while, after, before, since, until, as soon as 等从属连词引导的状语从句。时间状语从句中的谓语动词不能用一般将来时,只能用一般现在时表示将来发生的动作或存在的状态。 如:I will call you as soon as I arrive there.

原因状语从句: because, since, as和for都表示原因。常常令我们不知该用哪个好。我们来比较一下。because语势最强,回答why提出的问题,用来说明人所不知的原因。当能够很明显的看出原因或人们已知原因,就用as或since。如:I don't like that coat,because the color looks terrible. 由because引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用for来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用for。如:He is not here, because / for his mother is ill.

目的状语从句:表示目的状语的从句可以由in order that, so that,等词引导。如:You must raise your voice so that/in order that everybody can hear you clearly.

结果状语从句:结果状语从句常由so...that 或 such...that引导,要掌握和区分这两个句型,首先要了解so和such后面分别跟什么词。such是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组,so是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词。so 还可与表示数量的形容词many, few, much, little连用,形成固定搭配。如:The box is so heavy that I can't carry it.

让步状语从句:是由though, although 引导的状语从句。though, although 和 but不能同时使用。

Although it rained, they had a good time.

练习:

1. She will find him a kind man when she _________him.

A. knows

B. know

C. will know

D. is going to know

2. We'll go out for a walk as soon as it ________.

A. stops raining

B. raining

C. stop to rain

D. rain

3. The film was _____ interesting _____ everyone wanted to see it again.

A. too, to

B. so, that

C. not ,until

D. very, that

4. We don't understand the passage ______ there is few words in it.

A. and

B. if

C. though

D. because

5. You are sure to pass the exam _______ you study hard.

A. if

B. though

C. that

D. when

6. If you _____ free tomorrow, we won't go for a picnic.

A. aren't

B. won't be

C. weren't

D. don't

7. What was Jim doing _______ the teacher came in?

A. while

B. and

C. when

D. but

8. You must stop ______ the policeman say: "stop!"

A. that

B. if

C. then

D. until

9. --The boy failed to pass the English examination.

--______ he didn't work hard.

A. If

B. Because

C. When

D. So

10. I'll go for a walk with you if it ______ tomorrow?

A. won't rain

B. doesn't rain

C. will rain

D. rain

 

实践:

1. I get up ______ half past six every day.

A. in

B. on

C. at

D. for

2. I heard Robin ________ an English song last night.

A. sang

B. to sing

C. sing

D. sung

3. Is there _______ in today's newspaper?

A. important something

B. something important

C. important anything

D. anything important

4. _____ fine weather it is!

A. What a

B. What an

C. How

D. What

5. "Where are your bikes?"

"________ is under tree, and _______ beside the wall."

A. Mine, her

B. Me, his

C. Mine, his

D. His, her

6. ______ students listened to the report.

A. Four hundred

B. Four hundred of

C. Four hundreds of

D. Four hundreds

7. Football was once a ______ game, but now more and more girls enjoy playing it.

A. boys'

B. boy's

C. boys's

D. girl's

8. Don't move, _______ I will kill you!

A. and

B. or

C. so

D. but

9. There is _________ ink in my pen. Will you please give me _______ drops?

A. a few, a little

B. few , little

C. little, a few

D. little, a little

10.They could hardly believe it, _______?

A. couldn't they

B. could they

C. can't they

D. can they

11."May I smoke here ?" "No, you _______."

A. can't

B. needn't

C. mustn't

D. may not

12.His father ________ for six years.

A. has died

B. has been dead

C. has dead

D. has been death

13.There is ________ umbrella in the room. _______ umbrella is in the corner.

A. the, the

B. a, The

C. an, The

D. an, A

14.It was ______ the Christmas Eve that I first saw him.

A. at

B. in

C. on

D. by

15.She has an pencil in one hand, a pen in ________.

A. others

B. another

C. the other

D. the others

语法精讲及实战练习——名词

 语法精讲及实战练习——代词

 语法精讲及实战练习——形容词

 语法精讲及实战练习——副词

 语法精讲及实战练习——动词

 语法精讲及实战练习——介词

 语法精讲及实战练习——连词

 语法精讲及实战练习——动词语态

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