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中考英语语法精讲及实战练习——代词  

2012-12-22 12:59:37|  分类: 英语专题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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我们刚刚讲完了名词,现在再来看看名词的brother—代词。它与名词的作用其实很相似,所担当的句中成分也相差不多。 但也别小看代词呀!它还有很多的“小个性”呢!只要抓住它的几个“小脾气”,那么你就可以牢牢地掌握它了。

代词中第一个“小个性”就是物主代词。像my和mine这两个小冤家总是让人分不清谁是谁。但你只要记住它们最重要的区别—my的后面一定要接名词,不可以单独出现,只能做定语,如:my father;而 mine则是名词性,只能单独出现,在句中做主语和表语。如:Mine is green. It's mine. 记住这两个句子,凡是名词性物主代词(yours, hers, his, its, ours, theirs)就都可以放在mine的位置上了。这样,通过它们出现的位置不同,我们就可以把它们区别开了。

代词的第二个“罗嗦”就是它有一个小跟班-self(selves)—反身代词,也就是表示“自己、亲自”的意思。关于反身代词,需要注意的是她不能单独做主语,但可以放在人称代词后面,做同位语。    如:Marry herself said so. 玛丽她自己这么说的。(不能说Herself said so.)下面我给你开点小灶,单独讲一讲须“特特”注意的地方。

Of+名词性物主代词:of +物主代词构成双重所有格。公式为:a(an, this, that )+名词+of +名词性物主代词。牢记公式,举一反三。因为物主代词不可与 a, an, this, that, these, those, some, any, no, each,every, such, another等词一起前置,修饰一个名词,而必须用双重所有格。如: a friend of mine(我的一个朋友),each brother of his(他的每一个兄弟).

some, any的用法:我们都知道some用于肯定句中,而any则用于否定句和疑问句中。 所以somebody,someone也用于肯定句中,而anybody、anyone则用于否定和疑问句中。

注意:在Would youlike some coffee?(要来点咖啡吗?)这样的肯定疑问句中,说话人认为对方的答案会是肯定的,或期望得到肯定回答时,用some而不用any。

every 和each的用法:every 强调全体的概念,指三个以上的人或物(含三个),不可单独使用;each强调个体概念。指两个以上的人或物 (含两个),可单独使用.。Every student in our school works hard.(我们学校的学生都很用功。) Each student may have one book.. (每个学生都可有一本书。)

both, either, neither的用法:

both意为“两者全都”,与复数连用。either意为“两者中间的任何一个”,neither 表示“两者之间一个也不是”,与单数连用。如:Both of the them come from London。他们两人都是伦敦人。 You may take either with you。 两个中间你随便带哪个都行。 Neither is correct。 两个都不对。

Few,a few和little,a little的用法:

Few,a few用来代替和修饰可数名词,little,a little用来代替和修饰不可数名词;a few和a little 着重肯定意思,相当于汉语“有几个”,“有一点儿”;few和little 着重否定意思,相当于汉语 “没有几个”,“没有多少”

OK,代词部分我们已经学完,It's a piece of cake?

 

练习:

1. We had plenty of paper but______ink.

A. a few

B. few

C. not many

D. not much

2. Learning a foreign language is especially difficult for those who have never learned ______before.

A. one

B. it

C. them

D. that

3. We're very busy because we've so ______books to read and so _______homework to do every day.

A. much ... many

B. many ... much

C. many ... a lot

D. a lot ... much

4. I thought ______of the matter but still couldn't find out the reason.

A. every

B. both

C. nothing

D. everything

5. My car is not so expensive as ________.

A. him

B. he's

C. he

D. his

6. Lily and Lucy have arrived,but _______students aren't here yet.

A. other

B. others

C. the other

D. the others

7. There are high buildings on ______side of the street.

A. both

B. every

C. any

D.either

8. -What do you usually have for breakfast?

-______eggs and ______milk.

A Little ... a few

B. A little ... a little

C. A few ... a little

D. A few ... a few

9. ______ is difficult in the world if you put your heart into it.

A. Something

B. Anything

C. Nothing

D. Everything

10. Is this story the same as ______in that book?

A. the one

B. what

C. that

D. it

Keys:DABCDCDCCA

实战:

1. There is _________old woman in the car.

A. 不填

B. the

C. a

D. an

2. We often go to the park _______Sundays.

A. on

B. in

C. at

D. from

3. My book ________on the desk.

A. is

B. am

C. are

D. be

4. Which language is ________, English, French or Chinese?

A. difficult

B. the difficult

C. more difficult

D. the most difficult

5. -________book is this?

-It's Kate's.

A. when

B. Why

C. Where

D. whose

6.-Can you write a letter in English?

-No, I _____.

A. may not

B. mustn't

C. can't

D. needn't

7. I ________my homework when Mike came last night.

A. do

B. was doing

C. am doing

D. have done

8. He began to ________English three years ago.

A. learn

B. learns

C. learned

D. learning

9. Jim is a driver, _______he?

A. does

B. doesn't

C. is

D. isn't

10. "What's wrong _________you?" the doctor asked.

A. from

B. with

C. for

D. at

11. He is rich, ________he isn't happy.

A. or

B. so

C. and

D. but

12.-Where is Alice?

-She __________to the library.

A. goes

B. will go

C. has gone

D. had gone

13. "Help _________to some fish, Mary." My aunt said to me.

A. themselves

B. ourselves

C. yourself

D. himself

14. We'll stay at home if it ________tomorrow.

A. rain

B. rains

C. is raining

D. will rain

15. The students _________on a farm for ten days. Then they_________to a factory.

Though they_______back school, they still remember those farmers and workers.

A. have stayed, went , was

B. had stayed, go , are

C. have stayed, go, have been

D. had stayed, went, were

语法精讲及实战练习——连词

 语法精讲及实战练习——动词语态

 语法精讲及实战练习——句子种类

 语法精讲及实战练习——宾语从句

 语法精讲及实战练习——时态

 语法精讲及实战练习——不定式

 语法精讲及实战练习——状语从句

 语法精讲及实战练习——被动语态

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